Who really is Garry Kasparov? That must be the question that is the reason why you opened this post. This time we will discuss Who Is Garry Kasparov, briefly and clearly. Let’s read a brief biography of Garry Kasparov below. Garry Kasparov was born on April 13, 1963 in Azerbaijan. Now he is approximately 58 years old. Kasparov is the world’s premier chess grandmaster and perhaps one of the most formidable humans in chess. He has a high ELO rating, with a score of 2804 after previously reaching 2851 in 1991. He announced his retirement from chess on March 10, 2005.
Early Career Journey
Garry Kasparov was born with the real name Gari Weinstein in Baku, Azerbaijan. He was born to parents of Armenian-Jewish descent. He started seriously studying chess at an early age. At the age of 12, his father died, and since then he has started using his mother’s surname. His mother, Klara was an Armenian woman with the surname Kasparian, which in Russian dialect is referred to as “Kasparov”. Garry Kasparov rose to prominence in the chess world when he became the youngest grandmaster in the world of his time. His debut began in 1984 when he challenged then world champion Anatoly Karpov in the most controversial chess match in history. At the beginning, Kasparov was 5-0 down in the match, where if a player who can reach the number 6 first is crowned the champion. In this match, a win is scored 1 while a draw or draw and a loss do not get a point.
According to the author of SEO Specialist, the 1984 World Chess match became interesting, because even though he had fallen behind, Kasparov managed to get close to Karpov after going through seventeen draws. The next few matches, Kasparov won three matches to make the position 5-3, and for a temporary advantage on Karpov’s side. The next match was stopped by the then FIDE chairman, Florencio Campomanes, on the grounds that the stamina of both players had greatly decreased. Karpov himself had to be hospitalized. The match resumed a few months later.
Become a World Champion
In the second-round match between Karpov and Kasparov in 1985, a new standard was imposed where the player who first scored 12.5 or more in 24 matches was declared the winner. If the match ends with a 12-12 draw, then Karpov’s world title will still be held by Karpov as the defending champion. In the end Kasparov won this second round match by defeating Karpov, and was subsequently crowned the youngest chess champion in the world at that time, at the age of 22. The record for youngest chess champion was previously held by Mikhail Tal when he defeated Bothvinnik in 1960. After successfully bagging the World Champion title, Kasparov then fell out with FIDE. He founded a world chess union organization called the GrandMaster’s Association (GMA), which represents the voice of chess players in activities within FIDE.
Fired from FIDE and Political Career
Kasparov’s problems with FIDE lasted until 1993, when a new challenger was prepared by FIDE to face Kasparov in the next World Championship. The player who has been prepared is named Nigel Short. Things became difficult, because both Kasparov and Nigel Short as champion and challenger, agreed to hold their match outside FIDE, under the auspices of a new chess organization founded by Kasparov called the Professional Chess Association (PCA). As a result, both Kasparov and Short were expelled from FIDE membership. The match between Kasparov and Nigel Short which took place in London, was won by Kasparov.
In place of Kasparov and Short, FIDE hosted the “World Championship” final match between Jan Timman and the previous world champion, Karpov. Karpov won this match. As a result, at that time there were two world champions, namely Kasparov under the PCA organization, and Karpov under the FIDE organization. Then in 1995, Kasparov again managed to defend his world title by defeating the Indian chess champion, Viswanathan Anand. After retiring in 2005, Kasparov entered politics and founded the United Civil Front, a social movement aimed at preventing Russia from returning to totalitarianism.
Chess Against Computer
Kasparov has played against the computer several times. In 1996, Kasparov managed to beat Deep Blue computer with a 4-2 result, but in the next match in 1997, the upgraded Deep Blue managed to beat Kasparov with a value of 3.5-2.5. In January 2003 Kasparov played a 6-round match against Deep Junior computers for a $1 million prize.
This match is referred to as the “Man vs Machine” match. Deep Junior is capable of calculating steps up to 3 million positions per second. After playing with 3 draws and 1 win. Kasparov offered a draw request to the Deep Junior machine which was immediately accepted by the Deep Junior team. When asked why Kasparov offered to draw, Kasparov said he made a mistake in his game. In November 2003, Kasparov also played with Fritz’s X3D program using a virtual board, 3D glasses and a speech recognition system. Kasparov got a prize of $175,000 after winning the match with 2 wins, 1 loss and 2 draws.
For those out there who want to learn this game of chess, from the beginning to the professional level, this Garry Kasparov masterclass is a good start for you. You will learn various types of steps along with challenging and exciting strategies to use in the game of chess.